New Aquaculture Handbook is a Tool for Improving Pakistani Farmer Incomes and Food Security

Pakistan’s fish farmers and entire aquaculture industry now have a new resource to encourage success, the Aquaculture Handbook—Fish Farming and Nutrition in Pakistan. The American Soybean Association’s (ASA) World Initiative for Soy in Human Health (WISHH) produced the handbook through the U.S. Department of Agriculture-funded “FEEDing Pakistan” project. U.S Consul General Mr. Zachary Harkenrider was the Guest of Honor at the launching ceremony of the handbook.

Released today at a launching ceremony in Lahore, the new handbook shares knowledge gained during the three-year FEEDing Pakistan project as well as insight from international experts. WISHH’s FEEDing Pakistan has assisted approximately 2,000 Pakistani fish farmers and helped increase the market value of fish produced—tilapia—from zero at the beginning of the project to an estimated 450 mill rupees ($4.5 million USD) in 2014.

“We congratulate Pakistan’s fish farmers, academics, members of the private sector, and government officials.  Their participation and dedication to increased knowledge resulted in quick adoption of new technologies and best management practices,” said R.S.N. Janjua, who leads the project as ASA/WISHH Country Representative.

“Rapid acceptance and investment in new ideas, including soy-based floating fish feed, is scaling up Pakistan’s aquaculture industry to help fill Pakistan’s protein gap in human diets and contribute to the food security of Pakistan.” added Janjua.

“Consumer demand for tilapia has also spilled over to an increased demand for better quality carp and trout,” said University of Arizona College of Agriculture Director of International Programs Kevin Fitzsimmons.

An ASA/WISHH assessment found that Pakistan had an extensive system of fish farming but no commercial, high-protein, floating extruded fish feeds were produced in the country. To implement FEEDing Pakistan, ASA/WISHH chose to partner with Kansas State University (KSU) to capitalize on their world-renowned expertise in feed production technology.

KSU conducted training courses on fish feed manufacturing and best management aquaculture practices with University of Arizona collaboration. In addition, KSU provided technical assistance to industry stakeholders.

Results of FEEDing Pakistan include a project trainee and co-owner of a Pakistani company, Oryza Organics Pvt. Ltd., who established Pakistan’s first extruder dedicated to the production of floating fish feed. Another trainee, the CEO of Tawakkal Fish Farms, started buying the soy-based floating fish feed from Oryza. Tawakkal has made multiple investments in their facility, creating the first private-sector tilapia hatchery in Pakistan. This year, Tawakkal plans to sell approximately3 million young tilapia to other farmers, and in the future, to expand to 10 million tilapia fry per annum.

During the project, ASA/WISHH provided U.S.-soy formulated floating feed for feeding demonstrations reaching hundreds of farmers. FEEDing Pakistan demonstration tilapia fish averaged 600 grams per fish–double the weight of traditional Pakistan fish harvests. The tilapia received a premium in the local market place and increased enthusiasm for further development of Pakistan’s aquaculture industry with soy-based fish feeds. Pakistani fish farmers had never seen such results. ASA/WISHH also worked directly with a variety of farmers who are now selling live tilapia in multiple markets.

The Aquaculture Handbook—Fish Farming and Nutrition in Pakistan contains 12chapters on the entire farm-to-consumer aquaculture value chain. Lead editor is Kevin Fitzsimmons, Ph.D., past president of the World Aquaculture Society. Co-editor is R.S.N. Janjua, Ph.D. Local lead author is Muhammad Ashraf, Ph.D., Dean, Faculty of Fisheries and Wildlife, University of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, Pattoki Campus, Punjab-Pakistan.

There is no charge to access the book that is available to download through WISHH’s website

For further information about the FEEDing Pakistan project, click HERE to view “The Blue Revolution” documentary that includes project highlights and achievements.

WISHH is a trade-development organization. Since U.S. soybean farmers founded WISHH in 2000, it has worked in 24 countries to improve diets, as well as encouraged growth of food industries. The WISHH program is managed from ASA’s world headquarters in St. Louis.  For more information, visit